ANT 493 Independent Reading

Spring 2002

 

The Anthropology of War

 

 

The Anthropology of War: Bibliography


1964 Game Theory and Related Approaches to Social Behavior. New York: Wiley.


1964 War: Studes from Psychology, Sociology, and Anthropology. New York: Basic Books.


1967 Law and Warfare: Studies in the Anthropology of Conflict. Garden City, NY: Natural History.


1967 The Pacifist Conscience. Chicago: Henry Ragnery.


1968 War: The Anthropology of Armed Conflict and Aggression. Garden City, NY: The Natural History Press.


1972 War and Society in Africa: Ten Studies. London: Frank Cass.


1973 Peace and War. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.


1975 War, Its Causes and Correlates. The Hague: Mouton.


1979 The Pacification of Melanesia. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.


1980 Sociobiology Examined. New York: Oxford University Press.


1983 Are Humans Aggressive by Nature?. St. Paul, MN: Greenhaven Press.


1984 Ethnicity and War. Vol. 3, Ethnicity and Public Policy. Madison: University of Wisconsin System.


1989 Handbook of War Studies. Boston: Unwin Hyman.


1997 War and Ethnicity: Global Connections and Local Violence in North East Africa and Former Yugoslavia. Oxford Development Studies 25(1): 77.

Abler, Thomas
1979 Review of: War in Ecological Perspective, by Andrew P. Vayda. Ethnohistory 26: 86-88.

Adams, Richard
1975 Energy and Structure. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Agar, Michael
1996 Linguistic Peace Work. Peace & Change 21(4): 424-437.

Albert, B.
1990 On Yanomami Warfare: Rejoinder. Current Anthropology 31(5): 558-563.

Alexander, Richard
1979 Darwinism and Human Affairs. Seattle: University of Washington Press.


1987 The Biology of Moral Systems. New York: Aldine De Gruyter.

Andreski (Andrzejewski), Stanislav
1964 Origins of War. In The Natural History of Aggression. J.D. Carthy and F.J. Eibling, eds. Pp. 129-136. New York: Academic.


1968 Military Organization and Society. Berkeley: University of California.

Angell, Robert C.
1965 The Sociology of Human Conflict. In The Nature of Human Conflict. E.B. McNeil, ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Arrow, K.
1951 Social Choice and Individual Values. New York: John Wiley.

Axelrod, R.
1984 The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books.

Balandier, Georges
1986 An Anthropology of Violence and War. International Social Science Journal 38(4): 499-511.

Balee, William
1984 The Ecology of Ancient Tupi Warfare. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 241-265. Orlando: Academic Press.

Bandura, A.
1980 The Social Learning Theory of Aggression. In The War System. R. Falk and S.S. Kim, eds. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Barfield, Thomas J.
1994 The Devil's Horsemen: Steppe Nomadic Warfare in Historical Perspective. In Studying War: Anthropological Perspectives; War and Society. S.P. Reyna and R.E. Downs, eds. Vol. 2. Pp. 157-181. Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breach.

Barnet, R.
1973 Roots of War: The Men and Institutions Behind U.S. Foreign Policy. New York: Penguin.

Baxter, P. T. W.
1979 Boran Age-Sets and Warfare. In Warfare Among East African Herders. K. Fukui and D. Turton, eds. Pp. 69-95. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.

Beckerman, S.
1991 The Equations of War. Current Anthropology 32(5): 636-640.

Beemer, Hilda
1937 The Development of the Military Organization in Swaziland. Africa 10: 55-74, 176-205.

Beer, F. A.
1981 Peace Against War. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

Behr, R.
1981 Nice Guys Finish Last - Sometimes. Journal of Conflict Resolution 25: 289-300.

Bell, F. L.
1935 Warfare Among the Tanga. Oceania 5: 253-279.

Benedict, Ruth
1934 The Chrysanthemum and the Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture. New York: New American Library.

Bennet Ross, Jane
1980 Ecology and the Problem of Tribe: A Critique of the Hobbesian Model of Preindustrial Warfare. In Beyond the Myths of Culture: Essays in Cultural Materialism. E. Ross, ed. Pp. 33-60. New York: Academic Press.


1984 Effects of Contact on Revenge Hostilities Among the Achuara Jivaro. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 83-109. Orlando: Academic Press.

Berkowitz, L.
1962 Aggression: A Social-Psychological Analysis. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Biolsi, Thomas
1984 Ecological and Cultural Factors in Plains Indian Warfare. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 141-168. Orlando: Academic Press.

Blainey, G.
1973 The Causes of War. New York: Free Press.

Bodley, John H
2000 Cultural Anthropology: Tribes, States, and the Global System. 3rd ed. Mountain View, CA: Mayfield.

Boehm, Christopher
1984 Blood Revenge: The Anthropology of Feuding in Montenegro and Other Tribal Societies. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.

Bohannan, Paul
1967 Law and Warfare. New York: Natural History Press.

Boulding, Kenneth
1963 Conflict and Defense: A General Theory. New York: Harper Torchbooks.

Broch, Tom, and Johan Galtung
1966 Belligerence Among the Primitives. Journal of Peace Research 3: 33-45.

Bronowski, J.
1967 The Face of Violence. New York: World Publishing.

Brown, Paula
1964 Enemies and Affines. Ethnology 3: 335-356.

Brown, R.
1985 Eskimo Warfare in Northwest Alaska. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 16: 1-14.

Brown, S.
1987 The Causes and Prevention of War. New York: St. Martin's.

Buchanan, A.
1968 War in Modern Society: An Introduction. New York: Harper and Rowe.

Bueno de Mesquita, B.
1975 The War Trap. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.


1981 Risk, Power Distribution, and the Liklihood of War. International Studies Quaterly 25 (4): 541-568.

Buss, A. H.
1961 The Psychology of Aggression. New York: Wiley.

Carneiro, R.
1990 Chiefdom-level Warfare as Exemplified in Fiji and the Cauca Valley. In The Anthropology of War. J. Haas, ed. Pp. 190-211. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Carneiro, Robert L.
War and Peace: Alternating Realities in Human History. In Studying War: Anthropological Perspectives. S.P. Reyna and R.E. Downs, eds. Vol. 2. Pp. 3-27. Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breach.

Cashman, Greg
1993 What Causes War?: An Introduction to Theories of International Conflict. New York: Lexington Books.

Chagnon, N. A.
1968 Yanomamo: The Fierce People. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.


1988 Life Histories, Blood Revenge, and Warfare in a Tribal Population. Science 239: 985-992.

Chagnon, N. A.
1990 Reproductive and Somatic Conflicts of Interest in the Genesis of Violence and Warfare Among Tribesman. In The Anthropology of War. J. Haas, ed. Pp. 77-104. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chan, S.
1984 Mirror, Mirror on the Wall...Are the Freer Countries More Pacific? Journal of Conflict Resolution 28 (4): 617-648.

Choucri, N., and R. North
1975 Nations in Conflict: National Growth and International Violence. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

Cockran, D. H.
1962 The Cherokee Frontier: Conflict and Survival 1740-1762. Norman: University of Oklahoma Pressw.

Cohen, Ronald
1984 Warfare and State Formation. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 329-358. Orlando: Academic Press.

Colson, E.
1953 Social Control and Vengeance Among the Plateau Tonga. Africa 23: 199-211.

Cook, Sherburne
1973 Interracial Warfare and Population Decline Among the New England Indians. Ethnohistory 20: 1-24.

Cook, S.F.
1946 Human Sacrifices and Warfare as Factors in the Demography of Precolonial Mexico. Human Biology 18: 82-100.

Coser, Lewis
1956 The Functions of Social Conflict. New York: Free Press.

Coser, Lewis A.
1966 On Terminating Conflict. In Readings in Modern Sociology. A. Inkeles, ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Dahrendorf, R.
1959 Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.


1967 Conflict After Class: New Perspectives on the Theory of Social and Political Conflicts. London: Longmans.

Dart, R.
1953 The Predatory Transition from Ape to Man. International Anthropological and Linguistic Review 1.

Davie, Maurice
1929 The Evolution of War. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Davies, J.
1970 Violence and Aggression: Innate or Not? Western Political Quarterly 23.

Dawkins, Richard
1976 The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dentan, Robert K.
1968 The Semai: A Non-Violent People of Malaya. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.


1978 Notes on Childhood in a Nonviolent Context: The Semai Case (Malaysia). In Learning Non-Aggression. A. Montagu, ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Denton, Trevor
1995 War: Long Range Time Series by Conditioning.

Dessler, D.
1991 Beyond Correlations: Toward a Causal Theory of War. International Studies Quaterly 35: 337-355.

Dirks, Robert
1980 Social Responses During Severe Food Shortages and Famine. Current Anthropology 21: 21-44.

Divale, William
1971 An Explanation for Primitive Warfare: Population Control and the Significance of Primitive Sex Ratios. New Scholar 2: 173-192.

Divale, William, F. Chameris, and D. Gangloff
1976 War, Peace, and Marital Residence in Pre-Industrial Societies. Journal of Conflict Resolution 20: 57-78.

Divale, William , and Marvin Harris
1976 Population, Warfare, and the Male Supremacist Complex. American Anthropologist 78: 521-538.

Dollar, J., and et al.
1939 Frustration and Aggression. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Drago, Harry
1970 The Great Range Wars: Violence onthe Grasslands. Lincoln: Universtiy of Nebraska Press.

Durham, W. H.
1976 Resource Competition and Human Aggression, Part I: A Review of Primitive Warfare. Quarterly Review of Biology 51: 385-415.

Dyer, G.
1985 War. New York: Dorsey.

Dyson-Hudson, Rada , and Eric Smith
1978 Human Territoriality: An Ecological Reassessment. American Anthropologist 80: 21-41.

Eckhardt, William
1979 Primitive Militarism. Journal of Peace Research 12: 55-62.

Eibel-Eibesfeldt, Irenauss
1964 Experimental Criteria for Distinguishing Innate from Culturally Conditioned Behavior. In Cross-Cultural Understanding: Epistemology in Anthropology. New York: Harper and Row.

Ekvall, Robert
1961 The Nomadic Pattern of Living Among the Tibetans as Preparation for War. American Anthropologist 63: 1250-1263.


1964 Peace and War Among the Tibetan Nomads. American Anthropologist 66: 1119-1148.

Ellis, Florence Hawley
1951 Patterns of Aggression and War Cult in the Southwestern Pueblos. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 7: 177-201.

Ember, Melvin
1982 Statistical Evidence for an Ecological Explanation of Warfare. American Anthropologist 84 (3): 645-649.


Unpublished The Predictors of Warfare.

Ember, Melvin, and Carol R. Ember
Cross-Cultural Studies of War and Peace: Recent Achievements and Future Possibilities. In Studying War: Anthropological Perspectives. S.P. Reyna and R.E. Downs, eds. Vol. 2. Pp. 185-208. Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breach.

Epstein, A. L.
1975 Military Organization and the Pre-Colonial Polity of the Bemba of Zambia. Man 10: 199-217.

Fabbro, D.
1978 Peaceful Societies: An Introduction. Journal of Peace Research 12: 67-84.

Fadiman, Jeffrey
1976 Mountain Warriors: Traditional Warfare Among the Meru of Mt. Kenya, Ohio University Africa Series.

Fadiman, Jeffrey
1982 An Oral History of Tribal Warfare: The Meru of Mt. Kenya. Athens: Ohio University.

Fathauer, George
1954 The Structure and Causation of Mohave Warfare. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 10: 97-118.

Feldman, A.
1991 Formations of Violence: The Narrative of the Body and Political Terror in Northern Ireland. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Ferguson, R. Brian
Explaining War. In The Anthropology of War. J. Haas, ed. Pp. 26-55. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


1983 The Anthropology of War: A Bibliography. New York: The Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation.


1983 Warfare and Redistributive Exchange on the Northwest Coast. In The Development of Political Organization in Native North America: 1979 Proceedings of the American Ethnological Society. E. Tooker, ed. Washington: American Ethnological Society.


1984 Introduction: Studying War. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 1-81. Orlando: Academic Press.


1984 A Reexamination of the Causes of Northwest Coast Warfare. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 267-328. Orlando: Academic Press.


1988 War and the Sexes in Amazonia. In Dialectics and Gender. R. Randolph, M. Diaz, and D. Schneider, eds. Pp. 136-154. Boulder: Westview Press.


1989 Anthropology and War: Theory, Politics, Ethics. In Dialectics and Gender. D. Pitt and P. Turner, eds. Boulder: Westview Press.

Ferguson, R. Brian
1989 Game Wars? Ecology and Conflict in Amazonia. Journal of Anthropological Research 45: 179-206.


1994 The General Consequences of War: An Amazonian Perspective. In Studying War: Anthropological Perspectives. S.P. Reyna and R.E. Downs, eds. Vol. 2. Pp. 85-111. Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breach.

Freeman, Derek
1964 Human Aggression in Anthropological Perspective. In The Natural History of Aggression. J.D. Carthy and F.J. Ebling, eds. New York: Academic Press.

Fried, Morton H.
1961 Warfare, Military Organization, and the Evolution of Society. Anthropologica 3: 134-147.

Gallie, W. B.
1991 Understanding War, Points of Conflict. London: Routledge.

Galtung, J.
1964 A Structural Theory of Aggression. Journal of Peace Research 1: 95-119.

Geller, D.
1990 Toward a Unified Theory of War. Washington, D.C.: International Studies Association conference.

Gibson, Thomas
1990 Raiding, Trading, and Tribal Autonomy in Insular Southeast Asia. In The Anthropology of War. J. Haas, ed. Pp. 125-145. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Giddens, Anthony
1985 The Nation-State and Violence: Volume Two of A Contemporary Critique of Historical Materialism. Berkeley: University of California.

Givens, R. D., and M. A. Nettleship
1976 Discussion on War and Human Aggression. The Hague: Mouton.

Glasse, Robert
1959 Revenge and Redress Among the Huli: A Preliminary Account. Mankind 5: 273-289.

Glossop, R. J.
1987 Confronting War: An Examination of Humanity's Most Pressing Problem. Jefferson, NC: McFarlane.

Gluckman, Max
1955 Custom and Conflict in Africa. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.


1969 Custom and Conflict in Africa. New York: Harper and Row.

Goldberg, Neil, and Frank Findlow
1984 A Quantitative Analysis of Roman Military Aggression in Britain, circa A.D. 43-238. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 359-385. Orlando: Academic Press.

Gordon, Robert
1983 The Decline of the Kiapdom and the Resurgence of "Tribal Fighting" in Enga. Oceania 53(205-223).

Gorer, Geoffrey
1968 Man Has No "Killer" Instinct. In Man and Aggression. A. Montagu, ed. New York: Oxford University Press.

Graham, Edward
1974 Yuman Warfare: An Analysis of Ecological Factors from Ethnohistorical Sources. In War, Its Causes and Correlates. M. Nettleship, R.D. Givens, and A. Nettleship, eds. Pp. 451-462. The Hague: Mouton.

Grinnell, George B.
1956 The Fighting Cheyennes. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Haas, Jonathan
1990 The Anthropology of War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Haas, Jonathan , and Winifred Creamer
1987 Warfare and Tribalization in the Prehistoric Southwest. New York: Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation.

Haas, M.
1968 Social Change and National Aggressiveness, 1900-1960. In Quantitative International Politics. J.D. Singer, ed. New York: Free Press.


1980 Societal Approaches to the Study of the War. In The War System: An Interdisciplinary Approach. R. Falk and S.S. Kim, eds. Boulder, CO: Westview.

Hadlock, Wendell
1947 War Among the Northeastern Woodland Indians. American Anthropologist 49: 204-221.

Hallpike, C. R.
1977 Bloodshed and Vengeance in the Papuan Mountains: The Generation of Conflict in Tauade Society. London: Oxford University.

Hamilton, William
1964 The Genetical Evolution of Social Behavior, I and II. Journal of Theoretical Biology 7: 1-52.

Harris, Marvin
1964 The Rise of Anthropological Theory: A History of Theories of Culture. New York: Thomas Cromwell.


1972 Warfare, Old and New. Natural History 81 (3): 18-20.


1974 Cows, Pigs, Wars and Witches: The Riddles of Culture. New York: Vantage Press.


1977 Cannibals and Kings. New York: Random House.

Harris, Marvin
1979 The Yanomamo and the Causes of War in Band and Village Societies. In Brazil: Anthropological Perspectives: Essays in Honor of Charles Wagley. M. Margolies and W. Carter, eds. Pp. 121-132. New York: Columbia University Press.


1984 Animal Capture and Yanomamo Warfare: Retrospect and New Evidence. Journal of Anthropological Research 40: 183-201.


1984 A Cultural Materialism Theory of Band and Village Warfare: The Yanomamo Test. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 111-140. Orlando: Academic Press.

Harrison, Robert
1973 Warfare, A Series on Basic Concepts in Anthropology. A.F. Wallace, trans. Minneapolis, MN: Burgess Publishing Company.

Hasluck, M.
1967 The Albanian Blood Feud. In Law and Warfare. P. Bohannan, ed. New York: Natural History Press.

Hayano, David
1974 Marriage, Alliance, and Warfare: A View from the New Guinea Highlands. American Ethnologist 1: 281-293.

Holloway, Ralph L.
1968 Human Aggression: The Need for a Species-Specific Framework. In War: The Anthropology of Armed Conflict and Aggression. M. Fried, M. Harris, and R. Murphy, eds. New York: Natural History Press.

Holsti, O., and R. North
1965 History of Human Conflict. In Nature of Human Conflict. E.B. McNeil, ed. Pp. 155-172. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hill.

Hunt, George
1940 The Wars of the Iroquois: A Study in Intertribal Trade Relations. Madison: University of Wisconsin.

Janis, I. L.
1982 Groupthink. 2 ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Kang, Gay Elizabeth
1979 Exogamy and Peace Relations of Social Units:L A Cross-Cultural Test. Ethnology 18: 85-99.

Keen, David
1997 A Rational Kind of Madness. Oxford Development Studies 25(1): 67-75.

Kelly, Raymond
1985 The Nuer Conquest: The Structure and Development of an Expansionist System. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

Kende, I.
1978 Wars of Ten Years (1967-1976). Journal of Peace Research 3(25): 227-241.

Kiefer, Thomas
1968 Institutionalized Friendship and Warfare Among the Tausug of Jolo. Ethnology 7: 225-244.


1970 Modes of Social Action in Armed Combat: Affect, Tradition and Reason in Tausug Private Warfare. Man 5: 586-596.


1972 The Tausag: Violence and Law in a Philippine Moslem Society. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Kobben, Andre
1973 Cause and Intention. In A Handbook of Method in Cultural Anthropology. R. Naroll and R. Cohen, eds. Pp. 89-98. New York: Columbia University Press.

Koch, Klaus-Friedrich
1974 War and Peace in Jalemo: The Management of Conflict in Highland New Guinea. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.


1979 Epilogue. Pacification: Perspectives from Conflict Thoery. In The Pacification of Melanesia. M. Rodman and M. Cooper, eds. Pp. 199-207. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

Larson, Lewis
1972 Functional Considerations of Warfare in the Southeast During the Mississippi Period. American Antiquity 37: 383-392.

Lavie, S.
1990 The Poetics of Military Occupation: Mzeina Allegories of Bedouin Identity under Israeli and Egyptian Rule. Los Angeles: University of California.

Lewis, Oscar
1970 The Effects of White Contact upon Blackfoot Culture. In Anthropological Essays. O. Lewis, ed. Pp. 137-212. New York: Random House.

Li Puma, Edward
1985 Social and Cultural Factors Which Influence Aggression, Part I. In Aggression: Functions and Causes. J. Ramirez and P. Brain, eds. Pp. 49-66: Publicacion de la Universidad de Sevilla.

Livingstone, F. B.
1968 The Effects of Warfare on the Biology of the Human Species. In War: The Anthropology of Armed Conflict and Aggression. M. Fried, M. Harris, and R. Murphy, eds. Pp. 3-15. New York: Doubleday.

Lorenz, K.
1966 On Aggression. New York: Bantam.

Malinowski, Bronislaw
1941 War - Past, Present, and Future. In War as a Social Institution. J.D. Clarkson and T.C. Cochran, eds. New York: Columbia University Press.


1964 An Anthropological Analysis of War. In War: Studies from Psychology, Sociology, Anthropology. L. Bramson and G. Goethals, eds. Pp. 245-268. New York: Basic Books.

Mann, Michael
1986 The Sources of Social Power, Volume 1: A History of Power from the Beginning to A.D. 1760. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Mann, M.
1988 States, War and Capitalism. New York: Blackwell.

Marshall, E. T.
1959 The Harmless People. New York: Knopf.

McNeil, E. B.
1965 The Nature of Human Conflict. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

McNeil, William
1982 The Pursuit of Power. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Mead, Margaret
1963 The Psychology of Warless Man. In A Warless World. New York: McGraw-Hill.


1973 Warfare Is Only an Invention - Not Biological Necessity. In Peace and War. C. Beitz and T. Herman, eds. Pp. 112-118. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

Megargee, E. I., and J. E. Hokanson
1970 The Dynamics of Aggression. New York: Harper & Row.

Meggitt, Mervyn
1972 Blood is Their Argument: Warfare Among the Mae Enga Tribesmen of the New Guinea Highlands. Palo Alto: Mayfield.

Melman, Seymour
1974 The Permanent War Economy. New York: Simon and Schuster.


1984 The End of War. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 387-396. Orlando: Academic Press.

Midlarsky, M.
1975 On War. New York: Free Press.

Mishkin, Bernard
1940 Rank and Warfare Among the Plains Indians. Seattle: University of Washington.

Mitchell, Donald
1984 Predatory Warfare, Social Status, and the North Pacific Slave Trade. Ethnology 23: 39-48.

Montagu, A.
1968 Man and Aggression. New York: Oxford University Pressw.

Morren, Goerge
1984 Warfare in the Highland Fringe of New Guinea: The Case of the Mountain Ok. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. B. Ferguson, ed. Pp. 169-207. Orlando: Academic Press.

Murphy, Robert
1957 Intergroup Hostility and Social Cohesion. American Anthropologist 59: 1018-1035.


1960 Headhunter's Heritage: Social and Economic Change Among the Mundurucu Indians. Berkeley: University of California.

Nesbitt, William A.
1973 Human Nature and War. Albany: State Education Department of New York.

Netting, Robert
1973 Fightin, Forest, and the Fly. Journal of Anthropological Research 29: 164-179.


1974 Functions of war. Man 9: 485-487.


1974 Kofyar Armed Conflict: Social Causes and Consequences. Journal of Anthropological Research 30: 139-163.

Netting, Robert
1977 Cultural Ecology. Menlo Park, CA: Cummings.

Newcomb, W. W.
1950 A Re-Examination of the Causes of Plains Warfare. American Anthropologist 52: 317-330.


1960 Toward an Understanding of War. In Essays in The Science of culture in Honor of Leslie A. White. G. Dole and R. Carneiro, eds. Pp. 317-336. New York: Thomas Cromwell.

North, R. C., R. Brody, and O. Holsti
1964 Some Empirical Data on the Conflict Spiral. Peace Research Society (International) 1: 1-15.

Otterbein, Keith
1968 The Evolution of Zulu Warfare. In Law and Warfare: Studies in the Anthropology of Conflict. P. Bohannan, ed. Pp. 351-357. Austin: University of Texas.


1968 Internal War: A Cross-Cultural Study. American Anthropologist 70: 277-289.


1977 Warfare: A Hitherto Unrecognized Critical Variable. American Behavioral Scientist 20: 693-710.


1985 The Evolution of War: A Cross-Cultural Study. 2nd edition ed. New Haven: HRAD Press.

Peters, E. L.
1967 Some Structural Aspects of the Feud Among the Camel-Herding Bedouin of Cyrenaica. Africa 37: 261-282.

Podolefsky, Aaron
1984 Contemporary Warfare in the New Guinea Highlands. Ethnology 23: 73-87.

Pospisil, Leopold
1994 "I am Very Sorry I Cannot Kill You Any More": War and Peace Among the Kapauku. In Studying War: Anthropological Perspective; War and Society. S.P. Reyna and R.E. Downs, eds. Vol. 2. Pp. 113-126. Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breach.

Reyna, S. P.
A Mode of Domination Approach to Organized Violence. In Studying War: Anthropological Perspectives. S.P. Reyna and R.E. Downs, eds. Vol. 2. Pp. 29-65. Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breach.

Robarchek, Clayton A.
1977 Frustration, Aggression and the Nonviolent Semai. American Ethnologist 4 (4): 762-779.


1979 Conflict, Emotion, and Abreaction: Resolution of Conflict Among the Semai Senoi. Ethos 7 (2): 104-123.


1979 Learning to Fear. American Ethnology 6 (3): 555-617.


1981 The Image of Nonviolence: World View of the Semai Senoi. Journal of the Federated States Museums 24.


1990 Motivations and Material Causes: On the Explanation of Conflict and War. In The Anthropology of War. J. Haas, ed. Pp. 56-76. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rosaldo, Renato
1980 Ilongot Headhunting, 1883-1974: A Study of Society and History. Stanford: Stanford University.

Rosenfeld, Henry
1965 The Social Composition of the Military in the Process of State Formation in the Arabian Desert. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 95: 75-86.

Ross, Jane Bennett
1980 Effects of Contact on Revenge Hostilities Among Achuara Jivaro. In Warfare, Culture, and Environment. R.B. Ferguson, ed. Orlando: Academic Press.

Russell, E. W.
1972 Factors of Human Aggression. Behavior Science Notes 7(275-312).

Sahlins, M.
1976 The Use and Abuse of Biology: An Anthropological Critique of Sociobiology. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Schmookler, A. B.
1984 The Parable of Tribes: The Problem of Power in Social Evolution. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Secoy, F. R.
1953 Changing MIlitary Patters of the Great Plains. Monograph of the American Ethnological Society 21.

Sen, A.
1970 Collective Choice and Social Welfare. San Francisco: Holden-Day.

Service, Elman R.
1968 War and Our Contemporary Ancestors. In War: The Anthropology of Armed Conflict and Aggression. M. Fried, M. Harris, and R. Murphy, eds.

Sillitoe, Paul
1978 Big Men and War in New Guinea. Man 13: 252-271.

Singer, J. , and M. Small
1972 The Wages of War 1816-1965: A Statistical Handbook. New York: Appleton and Co.

Sipes, R. G.
1973 War, Sorts and Aggression: An Empirical Test of Two Rival Theories. American Anthropologist 75: 64-86.

Sission, Roger L., and Russell L. Ackoff
1967 Toward a Theory of the Dynamics of Conflict. In Conflict Resolution and World Education. S. Mudd, ed. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Smith, Marian
1951 American Indian Warfare. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences 13: 348-365.

Sorokin, P. A.
1942 Man and Society in Calamity, the Effects of War, Revolution, Famine, Pestilence Upon the Human Mind, Behavior, Social Organization, and Cultural Life. New York: Harcourt Brace.

Spaulding, Oliver L., H. Nickerson, and J. W. Wright
1925 Warfare: A Study of Military Methods from the Earliest Times. New York: Harcourt Brace.

Stewart, Kenneth
1947 Mohave Warfare. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 3: 257-277.

Storr, Anthony
1968 Human Aggression. New York: Antheneum Press.

Storr, A.
1983 Aggression is an Instinct. In Are Humans Aggressive by Nature?. D. Bender and B. Leone, eds. St. Paul, MN: Greenhaven Press.

Stouffer, S. A., et al.
1949 The American Soldier. Prinecton: Princeton University Press.

Sumner, William
1911 War and Other Essays. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Suttles, Wayne
1961 Subhuman and Human Fighting. Anthropologica 3: 148-163.

Tambiah, S. J.
1976 World Conqueror and World Renouncer: A Study of Buddhism and Polity in Thailand Against a Historical Background. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Teft, S.
1975 Warfare Regulations: A Cross-Cultural Test of Hypotheses. In War, Its Causes and Correlates. M.A. Nettleship, R.D. Givens, and A. Nettleship, eds. The Hague: Mouton.

Thoden van Velzen, H. U. E. , and W. van Wetering
1960 Residence, Power Groups, and Inter-Societal Aggression. International Archives of Ethnography 49: 169-200.

Thomas, E.
1959 The Harmless People. New York: Knopf.

Tournay, Serge
1979 Armed Conflict in the Lower Omo Valley, 1970-1976: An Analysis from within Nyangatom Society. In Warfare Among East African Herders. K. Fukui and D. Turton, eds. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.

Turney-High, Harry
1971 Primitive War: Its Practice and Concepts. Columbia: University of South Carolina.


1981 The Military: The Theory of Land Warfare as Behavioral Science. West Hanover: Christopher.

Vayda, Andrew
1960 Maori Warfare. Polynesian Society Maori Monographs No. 2.


1961 Expansion and Warfare Among Swidden Agriculturalists. American Anthropologist 63: 346-358.


1967 Research on the Functions of Primitive War. Peace Research Society (International) Papers 7: 133-138.


1968 Hypotheses About Functions of War. In War: The Anthropology of Armed Conflict and Aggression. M. Fried, M. Harris, and R. Murphy, eds. New York: Natural History Press.

Vayda, Andrew
1969 The Study of the Cause of War, with Special Reference to Head-Hunting Raids in Borneo. Ethnohistory 16: 211-224.


1970 Maoris and Muskets in New Zealand: Disruption of a War System. Politcal Science Quarterly 85: 560-584.


1971 Phases of the Process of War and Peace Among the Marings of New Guinea. Oceania 42 (1): 1-24.


1976 War in Ecological Perspective: Persistence, Change, and Adaptive Processes in Three Oceanian Societies. New York: Plenum Press.


1979 War and Coping. Reviews in Anthropology: 191-198.

Voget, Fred
1964 Warfare and the Integration of Crow Indian Culture. In Explorations in Cultural Anthropology. W. Goodenough, ed. Pp. 483-509. New York: Mcgraw-Hill.

Von Clausewitz, Carl
1968 On War. New York: Penguin.

Wallace, Anthony F.
1968 Psychological Preparation for War. In War: The Anthropology of Armed Conflict and Aggression. M. Fried, M. Harris, and R. Murphy, eds. Pp. 173-182. New York: Doubleday.

Webster, David
1977 Warfare and the Evolution of Maya Civilization. In The Origins of Maya Civilization. R. Adams, ed. Pp. 335-372. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico.

Westing, A.
1982 War as a Human Endeavor: The High Fatality Wars of the Twentieth Century. Journal of Peace Research 3: 261-264.

Whitehead, Neil L.
1990 The Snake Warriors - Sons of the Tiger's Teeth: a Descriptive Analysis of Carib Warfare, ca. 1500 - 1820. In The Anthropology of War. J. Haas, ed. Pp. 146-170. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wiberg, H.
1981 What Have We Learned About Peace? Journal of Peace Research 15: 110-149.

Wolf, Eric
1973 Peasant Wars of the Twentieth Century. New York: Harper.

Wright, Q.
1965 A Study of War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.



Note: this syllabus and extended bibliography were prepared by the student taking this course in consultation with his professor, Fr. Bucko, S.J.


The Seal of Creighton University
This page is managed by
Rev. Raymond A. Bucko, S.J.
of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology
at Creighton University.

E-Mail: bucko@creighton.edu

Page Last Updated: May 17, 2002